Nerima

Coordinates: 35°44′8.24″N 139°39′5.97″E / 35.7356222°N 139.6516583°E / 35.7356222; 139.6516583
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Nerima
練馬区
Nerima City
A street in Hikarigaoka, Nerima
A street in Hikarigaoka, Nerima
Flag of Nerima
Official seal of Nerima
Location of Nerima in Tokyo
Location of Nerima in Tokyo
Nerima is located in Japan
Nerima
Nerima
Location in Japan
Coordinates: 35°44′8.24″N 139°39′5.97″E / 35.7356222°N 139.6516583°E / 35.7356222; 139.6516583
CountryJapan
RegionKantō
PrefectureTokyo
Government
 • MayorAkio Maekawa (since April 2014)
Area
 • Total48.08 km2 (18.56 sq mi)
Population
 (October 1, 2020[1])
 • Total752,608
 • Density15,653/km2 (40,540/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+09:00 (JST)
City hall address6-12-1 Toyotama-kita, Nerima
176-8501
ClimateCfa
Websitewww.city.nerima.tokyo.jp
Symbols
FlowerAzalea
TreeKobushi Magnolia
Nerima ward office

Nerima (練馬区, Nerima-ku) is a special ward in the Tokyo Metropolis in Japan. The ward refers to itself as Nerima City.

As of 1 May 2016, the ward has an estimated population of 721,858, with 323,296 households and a population density of 15,013 persons per km2, while 15,326 foreign residents are registered and 21.6% of the ward's population is over the age of 65. The total area is 48.08 km2.[citation needed]

Districts and neighborhoods[edit]

History[edit]

In the Edo period, the area was mostly farmland producing daikon radishes, gobo burdocks, and potatoes. After the 1923 Great Kantō earthquake, many people from central Tokyo moved to the area.[2]

On October 1, 1932, Nerima town, and Kami-Nerima, Naka-Arai, Shakujii and Ōizumi Villages were incorporated in Old Tokyo City. Prior to the creation of the ward on August 1, 1947, the area had been part of Itabashi. In 1952, the Japan Self-Defense Forces established a base there. The first division of the eastern group of the Ground Self-Defense Force has its headquarters there. The United States Forces Japan already had a base, Grant Heights, which it returned to Japanese control in 1973. Grant Heights had been Narimasu airfield under the Imperial Japanese Army until the end of World War II. The runway is now the main street in front of the IMA department store in Hikarigaoka.

Geography[edit]

Shakujii River and cherry blossoms

Nerima lies at the northwestern edge of the 23 central wards of Tokyo. Neighboring wards are Itabashi (to the east), Suginami, Toshima and Nakano (to the south), as well as the cities of Musashino (to the southwest) and Nishi-Tokyo (to the west). To the north lie three cities in Saitama Prefecture: Wako, Asaka and Niiza.

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Nerima (2013−2020 normals, extremes 2012−present)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 19.3
(66.7)
24.8
(76.6)
28.8
(83.8)
29.9
(85.8)
34.7
(94.5)
34.8
(94.6)
39.6
(103.3)
39.0
(102.2)
37.0
(98.6)
33.4
(92.1)
25.0
(77.0)
25.0
(77.0)
39.6
(103.3)
Average high °C (°F) 9.9
(49.8)
10.8
(51.4)
15.2
(59.4)
20.0
(68.0)
25.5
(77.9)
27.1
(80.8)
30.8
(87.4)
32.5
(90.5)
27.6
(81.7)
22.1
(71.8)
16.8
(62.2)
11.9
(53.4)
20.9
(69.5)
Daily mean °C (°F) 4.8
(40.6)
5.8
(42.4)
10.0
(50.0)
14.4
(57.9)
20.0
(68.0)
22.5
(72.5)
26.3
(79.3)
27.8
(82.0)
23.6
(74.5)
18.1
(64.6)
12.4
(54.3)
7.1
(44.8)
16.1
(60.9)
Average low °C (°F) 0.2
(32.4)
1.4
(34.5)
5.2
(41.4)
9.5
(49.1)
15.2
(59.4)
19.0
(66.2)
23.0
(73.4)
24.2
(75.6)
20.2
(68.4)
14.8
(58.6)
8.4
(47.1)
2.7
(36.9)
12.0
(53.6)
Record low °C (°F) −7.0
(19.4)
−4.1
(24.6)
−2.6
(27.3)
1.2
(34.2)
6.4
(43.5)
12.3
(54.1)
17.4
(63.3)
17.4
(63.3)
12.2
(54.0)
6.6
(43.9)
−1.1
(30.0)
−3.4
(25.9)
−7.0
(19.4)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 47.8
(1.88)
39.6
(1.56)
109.3
(4.30)
130.9
(5.15)
88.3
(3.48)
201.4
(7.93)
165.8
(6.53)
164.4
(6.47)
229.6
(9.04)
263.9
(10.39)
66.2
(2.61)
46.3
(1.82)
1,553.3
(61.15)
Average precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm) 4.1 3.9 8.1 8.5 7.5 12.3 12.6 10.8 12.5 9.9 7.4 5.0 102.6
Mean monthly sunshine hours 212.9 178.8 189.1 193.4 213.2 135.7 147.6 175.3 120.3 131.3 160.3 182.3 2,040.2
Source: JMA[3][4]

Economy[edit]

Toei Animation has its headquarters in the Ohizumi Studio in Nerima.[5] Anime International Company has its headquarters in the AIC Digital Building.[6] In addition, Studio Comet,[7] and Mushi Production have their headquarters in Nerima.[8]

Education[edit]

Nihon University Ekoda Campus

Colleges and universities[edit]

National schools[edit]

Prefectural high schools[edit]

Prefectural high schools:

Municipal schools[edit]

Nerima City Board of Education [ja] operates the following:

  • 64 elementary schools
  • 32 junior high schools
  • 1 combined elementary and junior high school

Combined elementary and junior high schools:[9][10]

Junior high schools:[9]

Elementary schools:[10]

  • Asahicho Elementary School (旭町小学校)
  • Asahigaoka Elementary School (旭丘小学校)
  • Fujimidai Elementary School (富士見台小学校)
  • Hashido Elementary School (橋戸小学校)
  • Hayamiya Elementary School (早宮小学校)
  • Hikarigaoka No. 8 Elementary School (光が丘第八小学校)
  • Hikarigaoka Akinohi Elementary School (光が丘秋の陽小学校)
  • Hikarigaoka Harunokaze Elementary School (光が丘春の風小学校)
  • Hikarigaoka Natsunokumo Elementary School (光が丘夏の雲小学校)
  • Hikarigaoka Shikinokaori Elementary School (光が丘四季の香小学校)
  • Hokei Elementary School (豊溪小学校)
  • Kaishin No. 1 Elementary School (開進第一小学校)
  • Kaishin No. 2 Elementary School (開進第二小学校)
  • Kaishin No. 3 Elementary School (開進第三小学校)
  • Kaishin No. 4 Elementary School (開進第四小学校)
  • Kamishakujii Elementary School (上石神井小学校)
  • Kamishakujii Kita Elementary School (上石神井北小学校)
  • Kasuga Elementary School (春日小学校)
  • Kitahara Elementary School (北原小学校)
  • Kitamachi Elementary School (北町小学校)
  • Kitamachi Nishi Elementary School (北町西小学校)
  • Kotake Elementary School (小竹小学校)
  • Kowa Elementary School (光和小学校)
  • Koyama Elementary School (向山小学校)
  • Minamicho Elementary School (南町小学校)
  • Minamigaoka Elementary School (南が丘小学校)
  • Minami Tanaka Elementary School (南田中小学校)
  • Nakamachi Elementary School (仲町小学校)
  • Nakamura Elementary School (中村小学校)
  • Nakamura Nishi Elementary School (中村西小学校)
  • Nerima Elementary School (練馬小学校)
  • Nerima No. 2 Elementary School (練馬第二小学校)
  • Nerima No. 3 Elementary School (練馬第三小学校)
  • Nerima Higashi Elementary School (練馬東小学校)
  • Oizumi Elementary School (大泉小学校)
  • Oizumi No. 1 Elementary School (大泉第一小学校)
  • Oizumi No. 2 Elementary School (大泉第二小学校)
  • Oizumi No. 3 Elementary School (大泉第三小学校)
  • Oizumi No. 4 Elementary School (大泉第四小学校)
  • Oizumi No. 6 Elementary School (大泉第六小学校)
  • Oizumi Gakuen Elementary School (大泉学園小学校)
  • Oizumi Gakuen Midori Elementary School (大泉学園緑小学校)
  • Oizumi Higashi Elementary School (大泉東小学校)
  • Oizumi Kita Elementary School (大泉北小学校)
  • Oizumi Minami Elementary School (大泉南小学校)
  • Oizumi Nishi Elementary School (大泉西小学校)
  • Sekimachi Elementary School (関町小学校)
  • Sekimachi Kita Elementary School (関町北小学校)
  • Senshin Elementary School (泉新小学校)
  • Shakujii Elementary School (石神井小学校)
  • Shakujiidai Elementary School (石神井台小学校)
  • Shakujii Higashi Elementary School (石神井東小学校)
  • Shakujii Nishi Elementary School (石神井西小学校)
  • Shimo Shakujii Elementary School (下石神井小学校)
  • Tagara Elementary School (田柄小学校)
  • Tagara No. 2 Elementary School (田柄第二小学校)
  • Takamatsu Elementary School (高松小学校)
  • Tateno Elementary School (立野小学校)
  • Toyotama Elementary School (豊玉小学校)
  • Toyotama No. 2 Elementary School (豊玉第二小学校)
  • Toyotama Higashi Elementary School (豊玉東小学校)
  • Toyotama Minami Elementary School (豊玉南小学校)
  • Yasaka Elementary School (八坂小学校)
  • Yawara Elementary School (谷原小学校)

Private schools[edit]

  • One elementary school[citation needed]
  • Four junior and senior high schools
  • One high school
  • One international school

They are:

International Schools[edit]

Transportation[edit]

Rail[edit]

Tokyo Metro Fukutoshin Line
Seibu Ikebukuro Line

Bus[edit]

  • Kanto Bus
  • Keio Bus: The Chu 92 bus travels between Nerima and Nakano Stations
  • Kokusai-Kogyo Bus
  • Seibu Bus
  • Toei Bus: The Bus Service Division of the Tokyo Metropolitan Bureau of Transportation operates 5 routes in Nerima Ward.

Road[edit]

Leisure[edit]

Toshimaen amusement park

Amusement parks[edit]

Museums[edit]

Parks[edit]

Johoku-Chuo Park

Media[edit]

Nerima prepares the Nerima News Azalea, a city newsletter, in English.[11]

In popular culture[edit]

Nerima is the setting of Rumiko Takahashi's long running and popular manga and anime series Ranma ½ and Urusei Yatsura. As one of the first series in either media to achieve widespread popularity in the English speaking world, Ranma introduced Nerima to western audiences, with several locations recognizable as backgrounds.

It is also the setting of Takamitsu Kondou's Nerima Daikon Brothers and Kengo Hanazawa's I Am a Hero.

The main setting of the anime and manga series Prison School is a high school named Hachimitsu Academy, which is located in Nerima.

It is also the setting for four popular anime and manga series, Your Lie in April, Tokyo Ghoul, Rent-A-Girlfriend, and Doraemon.

The popular Japanese horror franchise, Ju On, takes place predominantly in Nerima.

Nekoma High School, one of the main teams of popular manga and anime Haikyu!!, is in Nerima.

Other[edit]

  • Japan Ground Self-Defense Force Nerima Base

International relations[edit]

Nerima has a sister-city relationship with Ipswich, Queensland, Australia. Nerima Gardens in Ipswich commemorates the tie. Nerima also has a similar link to Haidian District, Beijing, China.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Population by District". Tokyo Statistical Yearbook. Retrieved 2022-07-15.
  2. ^ "file01" (PDF). city.nerima.tokyo.jp. Archived from the original (PDF) on 27 July 2004. Retrieved 22 May 2022.
  3. ^ 観測史上1~10位の値(年間を通じての値). JMA. Retrieved February 23, 2022.
  4. ^ 気象庁 / 平年値(年・月ごとの値). JMA. Retrieved February 23, 2022.
  5. ^ "Outline Archived 2015-07-03 at the Wayback Machine." Toei Animation. Retrieved on February 26, 2010.
  6. ^ "Company Profile." Anime International Company. Retrieved on February 26, 2010. "AIC Digital Bldg. 3-19-9 Nakamura Kita, Nerima-Ku, Tokyo, Japan 176-0023"
  7. ^ "company (会社案内) Archived 2012-03-11 at the Wayback Machine." Studio Comet. Retrieved on March 15, 2012. "〒176-0013 東京都練馬区豊玉中3-1-3"
  8. ^ Home. Mushi Production. Retrieved on March 15, 2012. "〒177-0034 東京都練馬区 富士見台2-30-5"
  9. ^ a b "区立学校通学区域(中学校)" (PDF). Nerima. Retrieved 2022-11-13.
  10. ^ a b "区立学校通学区域(小学校)" (PDF). Nerima. Retrieved 2022-11-13.
  11. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). www.city.nerima.tokyo.jp. Archived from the original (PDF) on 19 February 2009. Retrieved 22 May 2022.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)

External links[edit]